ELM英語学習教材研究所 −英語語順トレーニング−

5文型簡易表




T.

 S+V

 主語+動詞

U.

 S+V+C

 主語+動詞+補語

V.

 S+V+O

 主語+動詞+目的語

W.

 S+V+O+O

 主語+動詞+目的語+目的語

X.

 S+V+O+C

 主語+動詞+目的語+補語


T.
 

Ken

walks

slowly.

 

主語

動詞

 

 

U.
 

English

is

interesting.

 

主語

動詞

補語

 

V.
 

I

play

baseball.

 

主語

動詞

目的語

 

W.
 

She

gave

me

a wathch.

主語

動詞

目的語

目的語

X.
 

We

call

thecat

Tama.

主語

動詞

目的語

補語


《文の要素》

《意味》

S

subject

主語

V

verb

動詞

O

object

目的語

C

complement

補語

M

modifier

修飾語



【第1文型】「何が―どうする」

S

V

M)

M)

I

walk.

 

 

I

walk

slowly.

 

I

walk

to the park.

 

He

played

in the park

yesterday.

 

She

is

in her room.

 

 

There    
(形式主語)

are

two benches(真
主語)

in the park.

【第2文型】「何が―何だ」「何が―どんなだ」

S

V

C

M)

He

is

a student.

 

He

is

hungry

now.

Mr. Tanaka

looks

happy.

 

This cake

tastes

good.

 

The flowers

smell

sweet.

 

I

feel

good.

 

He

kept

silent.

  

He

became

a doctor.

 

【第3文型】「何が―どうする―何を」

S

V

O

M)

Ken

plays

tennis.

 

I

gave

the book

to him.

【第4文型】「何が―どうする―何(人)に―何(物)を」

S

V

O

O

I

gave

him

the book.

He

teaches

us

English.

She

made

me

a doll.

She

bought

her son

a watch.

【第5文型】「何が―どうする―何(人)を―何と」
       「何が―どうする―何(人)を―何に(どんなに)」

S

V

O

C

We

call

him

Taro.

They

named

the ship

Yamato.

I

made

her

angry.

He

found

the question

difficult.


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